A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America), and who maintain tribal affiliation or community attachment. It includes people who classify themselves as described below.
- Native American / Native Indian American: Includes people who indicate their race as “Native American,” entered the name of an Indian tribe, or report such entries as Canadian Indian, French-American Indian, or Spanish-American Indian.
- Alaska Native: Includes written responses of Eskimos, Aleuts, and Alaska Indians as well as entries such as Arctic Slope, Inupiat, Yupik, Alutiiq, Egegik, and Pribilovian. The Alaska tribes are the Alaskan Athabaskan, Tlingit, and Haida. In the book, Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents by Isabel Wilkerson, the term is used to illustrate The United States’ caste system whereby “Native American” is referred to as “original, conquered, or indigenous peoples.”